Guide to the Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection, 1670-2004 Randolph H. Lytton C0311

Guide to the Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection, 1670-2004

Randolph H. Lytton
C0311


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George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections Research Center

Special Collections & Archives
Fenwick Library (2FL)
George Mason University
Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4444
USA
Phone: (703) 993-2220
Fax: (703) 993-2669
Email: speccoll@gmu.edu
URL: http://www.gmu.edu/library/specialcollections

April 4, 2016

Finding aid prepared by Bill Keeler

Repository
George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections Research Center.
Collection Number
C0311
Title
Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection1670-2004
Physical Characteristics
15 linear ft. (11 boxes)
Creator
Lytton, Randolph H.
Language
English
Abstract
This collection includes artwork, correspondence, indentures, maps, newspapers, photographs, postcards, and publications from 1670-2004.

Administrative Information

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions on personal use. Permission to publish material from the Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection must be obtained from the Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries.

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Randolph H. Lytton Historical Virginia collection, C0311, Special Collections Research Center, George Mason University Libraries.

Acquisition Information

Collection donated by George Mason University Emeritus Faculty member Randolph H. Lytton from 2004 to 2015.

Processing Information

Processed by Bill Keeler in August 2018. EAD markup completed by Bill Keeler in September 2018.


Historical Information

Fairfax County was originally granted to Thomas Fairfax, Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron by Charles II in 1719. It was not until 1742 that the Virginia Assembly officially established Fairfax as a county. Throughout the 18th century, Fairfax modernized in the form of industry and trade. With modernization, Fairfax County was fractured into Alexandria, Arlington, Falls Church, and Loudon. It was also during the time period that the Fairfax Courthouse was constructed with the financial aid of Richard Ratcliffe.

The 19th century brought conflict and subsequent growth to Fairfax County. Many Civil War battles took place within the county as well as the first land engagement of the American Civil War, which took place on June 1, 1861. During the war, Fairfax Courthouse changed hands many times between the Union and Confederacy. After the war, Fairfax experienced economic growth but also remained an agrarian-driven area. By the mid-20th century, Fairfax had experienced a massive population boom, largely as a result of President Roosevelt's increase in government programs, which produced large numbers of new citizens within Fairfax itself. The growth within Fairfax continues today.

Scope and Content

The collection includes artwork, campaign materials, correspondence, envelopes, indentures, maps, military paperwork, newspapers, paper currency, photographs, postcards, and publications. The items in the collection were collected by George Mason University Emeritus Faculty member Randolph H. Lytton. The collection is arranged into five series:

Series 1: Postcards (1903-1982) includes postcards from Virginia.

Series 2: Civil War Era Materials (1861-1914) includes artwork, letters, maps, military paperwork, newspapers, paper currency, and photographs.

Series 3: George Washington (circa 1700-1960) includes artwork, envelopes, maps, photographs and postcards.

Series 4: Fairfax Family (1670-1975) includes artwork, correspondence, indentures, photographs, postcards, and stamps.

Series 5: Mixed Media (1712-2004) includes advertisements, campaign materials, maps, money orders, photographs, and publications.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged by subject.

Series 1: Postcards, 1903-1982 (Boxes 1-2) Series 2: Civil War Era Materials, 1861-1914 (Boxes 2-5) Series 3: George Washington, circa 1700-1960 (Box 5) Series 4: Fairfax Family, 1670-1975 (Box 6) Series 5: Mixed Media, 1712-2004 (Boxes 7-11)

Index Terms

    Persons:

  • Lytton, Randolph H.
  • Subjects:

  • Letters.
  • Maps.
  • Photography.
  • Presidents--United States.
  • Slides.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
  • Virginia, Northern--History, Local.
  • Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Maps.
  • Document Types:

  • Correspondence.
  • Maps.
  • Newspapers.
  • Photographic prints.
  • Photographs.
  • Reproductions.
  • Slides.
  • Tintypes.

Bibliography

Fairfax County Economic Development Authority. https://www.fairfaxcountyeda.org/history-fairfax-county-virginia (Accessed September 6, 2018)

City of Fairfax Virginia. https://www.fairfaxva.gov/government/historic-resources/city-history (Accessed September 6, 2018)


Contents List

Series 1: Postcards,
1903-1982 (Boxes 1-2)

This series includes postcards from Virginia.

  • 1
    1
    Fairfax, VA (1 of 2),
    1907-1964

  • 1
    2
    Fairfax, VA (2 of 2),
    1907-1964

  • 1
    3
    Accotink, VA,
    1908-1918

  • 1
    4
    Alexandria, VA,
    1903-1930

  • 1
    5
    Arlington, VA,
    1909-1935

  • 1
    6
    Manassas, VA,
    1911-1945

  • 1
    7
    Centreville, VA,
    1904-1920

  • 1
    8
    Chantilly, VA,
    circa 1950s

  • 1
    9
    Dranesville, VA,
    1909-1965

  • 1
    10
    Annandale, VA,
    circa 1960s

  • 1
    11
    Clifton, VA,
    1906-1913

  • 1
    12
    Falls Church, VA,
    1907-1958

  • 1
    13
    Lorton, VA-Gunston Hall,
    circa 1910s

  • 1
    14
    Covington, VA ,
    1948-1982

  • 1
    15
    Great Falls, VA,
    1905-1965

  • 2
    1
    Occoquan, VA,
    1907-1936

  • 2
    2
    Vienna, VA,
    1905-1951

  • 2
    3
    Reston, VA,
    1977-1978

  • 2
    4
    Warrenton, VA,
    1909-1931

  • 2
    5
    Herndon, VA,
    1909-1941

  • 2
    6
    McLean, VA,
    1915-1950

  • 2
    7
    Oakton, VA,
    1909-1914

Series 2: Civil War Materials,
1861-1914 (Boxes 2-5)

This series includes artwork, letters, maps, military paperwork, newspapers, paper currency, and photographs related to the American Civil War.

  • 2
    8
    Matthew Brady salt print of Culpepper Courthouse,
    circa 1860s

  • 2
    9
    Autograph book,
    1885-1886

  • 2
    10
    Photogravures of Union Officers Philip Kearny and Franz Sigel,
    circa 1860s

  • 2
    11
    2.5x4 inch photographs of soldiers in uniform,
    circa 1860s

  • 2
    12
    3.5x5 inch photographs of soldiers in uniform,
    circa 1860s

  • 2
    13
    Harper's Magazine,
    July 1861; June 1876

  • 2
    14
    "3rd Battalion Sharpshooters" by W.R. Montgomery,
    circa 1870

  • 2
    15
    Vanity Fair,
    June 22, 1861

  • 2
    16
    "Soldier's Textbook" by J.R. Macduff,
    circa 1870

  • 2
    17
    Illustrations of battles,
    1863

  • 2
    18
    Photographs of soldiers stationed at Camp Algier,
    circa 1890s

  • 2
    19
    Glass slides of Civil War battlefields,
    circa 1860s

  • Map case
    13.4
    Historic newspapers (1 of 2),
    1861-1865

  • Map case
    13.4
    Historic newspapers (2 of 2),
    1861-1865

  • Map case
    13.4
    Historic newspaper illustrations,
    1861-1868

  • Map case
    13.4
    Photographs of John Mosby and Mosby's Raiders,
    circa 1860s

  • Map case
    13.4
    Sheet music for Colonel Ellsworth's funeral march,
    1861

  • 3
    1
    Drawings of Fairfax Courthouse and Cider Press by Eugene B. Hovey,
    June 18, 1862; June 5, 1863

  • 3
    2
    Photographs and illustrations of Fairfax Courthouse ,
    1863;1925-2012

  • 3
    3
    Fairfax Courthouse Documents,
    November 1744-May 1888

  • 3
    4
    Tax bills and receipts,
    1740; 1845-1874

  • 3
    5
    Letter about property costs-Thomas R. Love, Thomas B. Smith,
    November 21, 1856

  • 3
    6
    Recorded agreement-Seth M. Perkins, S. Childs,
    October 2, 1852

  • 3
    7
    "Confederate Veteran",
    September 1, 1921

  • 3
    8
    76th Pennsylvania Infantry Bill of Fare parody,
    circa 1862

  • 3
    9
    Aronon Chapel account book,
    1909-1914

  • 3
    10
    Biographical sketches of Allan, Emma, and Myron Williams,
    circa 1910s

  • 4
    1
    Letter-soldier stationed at Camp Alger,
    July 2, 1898

  • 4
    2
    Letter-Samuel Hand,
    December 3, 1857

  • 4
    3
    Letter-S.H. Reynolds,
    June 13, 1859

  • 4
    4
    Letter-Emily Hunter, Fairfax Company,
    July 10, 1861

  • 4
    5
    Letter-H. August, mentions Bull Run,
    July 28, 1861

  • 4
    6
    Letter-Franklin L. Stuart, Fairfax Station,
    October 11, 1861

  • 4
    7
    Letter-soldier stationed at Camp Pierpoint,
    October 12, 1861

  • 4
    8
    Letter-John F. Putney, Fairfax, Virginia,
    December 17, 1861

  • 4
    9
    Letter-Charles Skinner, New York 26th Regiment,
    October 26, 1861

  • 4
    10
    Letter-F.F. Burmeister, Fairfax Courthouse,
    October 4, 1862

  • 4
    11
    Letter-Charles A. Newman, Fairfax Courthouse,
    October 10, 1862

  • 4
    12
    Letter-James Alfred Mead,
    October 15, 1862

  • 4
    13
    Letter-soldier stationed at Fairfax Courthouse,
    October 14, 1862

  • 4
    14
    Letter with envelope-George W. Newcomb, Fairfax Courthouse, written on "The Soldier's Address",
    October 24, 1862

  • 4
    15
    Letter with envelope-Samuel Willard, Fairfax Courthouse,
    October 30, 1862

  • 4
    16
    Letter-11th corps written to E.D. Morgan, Fairfax Courthouse,
    December 8, 1862

  • 4
    17
    Letter with envelope-Fairfax Courthouse, written in German,
    December 8, 1862

  • 4
    18
    Letter with envelope-Fairfax Courthouse, written in German,
    October 14, 1862

  • 4
    19
    Letter with envelope-Fairfax Courthouse, written in German,
    January 12, 1863

  • 4
    20
    Letter-Union soldier, Union Mills, Virginia,
    December 14, 1862

  • 4
    21
    Letter-Union soldier, Alexandria, Virginia,
    December 31, 1862

  • 4
    22
    Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse,
    January 6, 1863

  • 4
    23
    Letter with envelope-Union Soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse,
    January 8, 1863

  • 4
    24
    Letter-Union soldier, Fairfax Courthouse,
    January 12, 1863

  • 4
    25
    Letter with envelope-P.B. Chamberlin, Camp Fairfax,
    January 13, 1863

  • 4
    26
    Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse,
    January 18, 1863

  • 4
    27
    Letter-Union soldier, Chantilly, Virginia,
    March 31, 1863

  • 4
    28
    Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse,
    April 18, 1863

  • 4
    29
    Letter-W. Barnett, Union Mills, Virginia,
    May 2, 1868

  • 4
    30
    Letter-Union soldier, Fairfax Station,
    June 17, 1863

  • 4
    31
    Letter-S.W. Bosworth, camp near Fairfax Station,
    June 19, 1868

  • 4
    32
    Letters-Timothy S. Walker, Arlington Heights, Virginia,
    March 23, 1863

  • 4
    33
    Letters with envelopes-Timothy S. Walker, Chantilly, Virginia,
    April 7-May 31, 1863

  • 4
    34
    Letter with envelope-Giles Weeks, Fairfax, Virginia,
    May 16, 1863

  • 4
    35
    Letter with envelope-Lair Mason, Chantilly, Virginia,
    April 11, 1863

  • 4
    36
    Letter-Bernard Ferry, Fairfax, Virginia,
    June 3, 1863

  • 4
    37
    Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax, Virginia,
    June 21, 1863

  • 4
    38
    Letter-Union soldier, Upton Hill, Virginia,
    April 27, 1865

  • 4
    39
    Letter-Frank Ripley, Chantilly, Virginia,
    October 17, 1863

  • 4
    40
    Letters-Henry E. Alvord, Washington, D.C.,
    June 28, 1865

  • 4
    41
    Letter-Burkes' Station,
    November 12, 1864

  • 4
    42
    Letter with envelope-Horatio Eggleston, Alexandria, Virginia,
    December 1, 1862

  • 4
    43
    Letter-Union soldier, Camp McNulty,
    September 18, 1867

  • 4
    44
    Letter with envelope-Henry B. Crosby, camp near Centreville, Virginia,
    October 25, 1862

  • 4
    45
    Letter with envelope-J. Stall, Pleasant Valley,
    February 6, 1861

  • 4
    46
    Letter-Confederate soldier, camp at Manassas Junction, Virginia,
    May 29, 1862

  • 4
    47
    Letter-Union soldier, camp near Fairfax Courthouse,
    December 28, 1863

  • 4
    48
    Letter-Ellis C. Strouss, Fairfax Station,
    October 16, 1863

  • 4
    49
    Letter-Cyrus Adset, Fairfax, Virginia,
    February 16, 1862

  • 4
    50
    Letter-soldier stationed at Fairfax Courthouse,
    March 13, 1862

  • 4
    51
    Letter-soldier stationed in Alexandria, Virginia ,
    circa 1864

  • 4
    52
    Letter-S. Howard, Fairfax Station,
    April 29, 1864

  • 4
    53
    Letter-Washington, D.C. ,
    December 9, 1863

  • 4
    54
    Letters-M. Victoria Wailes,
    1921

  • 4
    55
    Envelopes-Northern Virginia,
    1861-1961

  • 4
    56
    Envelopes-Civil War propaganda,
    1860s

  • 4
    57
    Envelopes-Soldiers stationed in Fairfax, Virginia,
    1861

  • Map case
    13.4
    Account book and memorandum-John DeBell,
    June 1, 1849

  • Map case
    13.4
    Battlefield maps,
    1862-1864

  • 5
    1
    Orders from General Milledge Luke Bonham,
    July 5, 1864

  • 5
    2
    Passes for Union soldiers,
    July 11, 1861-April 18, 1863

  • 5
    3
    Pass for Confederate soldier M. Pierce Butler,
    July 18, 1861

  • 5
    4
    Fuel requisition form-Fairfax, Virginia,
    November 25, 1861

  • 5
    5
    Paper currency-Joshua C. Gunnell, Fairfax Courthouse,
    September 20, 1861

  • 5
    6
    Congressional Reports,
    May 1862; March 1870

  • 5
    7
    Military paperwork and orders,
    October 1863-June 1865

  • 5
    8
    Special Order No. 7, Centreville, Virginia,
    September 5, 1863

  • 5
    9
    Union Battle Hymn,
    1863

  • 5
    10
    Democratic election materials,
    1864; 1892

Series 3: George Washington,
circa 1700-1960 (Box 5)

This series includes artwork, envelopes, maps, photographs and postcards all related to George Washington

  • 5
    11
    Prints and glass slides of George Washington,
    circa 1780

  • 5
    12
    Print of Admiral Vernon,
    circa 1700

  • 5
    13
    Civil War tin type of former slaves,
    circa 1860s

  • 5
    14
    Framed silhouette of George Washington,
    circa 1900

  • 5
    15
    Silhouettes of George and Martha Washington,
    circa 1900

  • 5
    16
    George Washington birthday programs,
    1862; 1903

  • 5
    17
    George Washington Bicentennial stamp covers and pamphlets,
    1932-1960

  • 5
    18
    Authenticated copy of Last Will and Testament of George Washington,
    1868

  • 5
    19
    Civil War era envelopes,
    circa 1860s

  • 5
    2-
    "The Story of Young Surveyors" by W.H. Snowden,
    1902

  • 5
    21
    Two stereo optics of Mount Vernon and the Tomb of George Washington,
    circa 1872

  • 5
    22
    Century Magazine Volume 35,
    November 1887

  • 5
    23
    Mount Vernon postcards,
    1906-1948

  • Map case
    13.4
    Robert Nesbit sketch of George Washington,
    1932

  • Map case
    13.4
    Map of the principal events in the life of George Washington,
    1932

Series 4: Fairfax Family,
1670-1975 (Box 6)

This series includes artwork, correspondence, indentures photographs, postcards, and stamps all related to the Fairfax family.

  • Map case
    13.4
    Portraits of Thomas Fairfax (1 of 2),
    circa 18th century

  • 6
    1
    Portraits of Thomas Fairfax (2 of 2),
    circa 18th century

  • 6
    2
    Postcards from Leeds Castle and Greenway Court,
    1905-1960

  • 6
    3
    Photographs of the Belvoir Estate,
    circa 1890s

  • 6
    4
    "Proceedings of the Clarke County Historical Association, Volume VIII",
    1948

  • 6
    5
    Christmas card from the British War Office,
    1934

  • 6
    6
    Civil War 350th anniversary stamp cover,
    1995

  • 6
    7
    Lord Fairfax Boy Scout patch,
    circa 1950s

  • 6
    8
    Winchester, VA Bicentennial envelope,
    1952

  • 6
    9
    "My Lord Fairfax, Of Virginia",
    circa 1800s

  • 6
    10
    Letter-John Hunter, George William Fairfax,
    April 10, 1753

  • 6
    11
    Indenture-Thomas Fairfax, John Peyton,
    1790

  • 6
    12
    Survey documents-Henry Fairfax,
    October 12, 1829

  • 6
    13
    Graphic of Thomas Fairfax kissing the King's hand,
    circa 19th century

  • 6
    14
    Signed Biddenden County Parish removal notice,
    December 6, 1742

  • 6
    15
    Graphic of George Washington dancing with Sally Fairfax,
    circa 1760s

  • 6
    16
    Portraits of Ferdinand Lord Fairfax,
    1800

  • 6
    17
    Letters-H. Fairfax,
    1799-1800

  • 6
    18
    Letter from Henry Fairfax,
    September 25, 1912

  • 6
    19
    Pamphlet on Sir Thomas Fairfax,
    1975

  • 6
    20
    Letter-Ann Clinton, Mary Fairfax,
    July 18, 1692

  • 6
    21
    Tax notice-Bryan Fairfax, 8th Lord of Cameron,
    1754

  • 6
    22
    Drawing of the heraldry of Thomas Lord Culpepper,
    circa 18th century

  • 6
    23
    Engraving of Leeds Castle, Kent,
    September 10, 1784

  • 6
    24
    Letter-Sale agreement, Charles Martin,
    October 10, 1862

  • 6
    25
    Letter-John Marshall, Manor of Leeds,
    February 17, 1821

  • 6
    26
    Indentures concerning land and property,
    1814-1837

  • 6
    27
    Tax Notices- Bryan Fairfax,
    1721

  • Map case
    13.4
    Land deeds,
    1759

  • Map case
    13.4
    Facsimile letters-Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell ,
    circa 1950s

  • Map case
    13.4
    Map of Yorkshire-Richard Blome,
    1670

  • Map case
    13.4
    Land deeds,
    1759-1900

  • Map case
    13.4
    Letter about land-N. Elliot,
    June 18, 1802

  • Map case
    13.4
    Will of Sarah Fairfax,
    1811

  • Map case
    13.4
    Indentures-Robert Fairfax,
    1685; 1720

  • Map case
    13.4
    Indenture-Richard Fairfax,
    1797

Series 5: Mixed Media,
1712-2004 (Boxes 7-11)

This series includes advertisements, campaign materials, maps, money orders, photographs, and publications.

  • 7
    1
    Photograph of Constance Cary Harrison with autograph,
    circa 1900

  • 7
    2
    Photographs of the Moore House in Fairfax, VA,
    circa 1900s

  • 7
    3
    Photographs of Kate Waller Barrett,
    circa 1900

  • 7
    4
    Wire story photographs,
    1954-1974

  • 7
    5
    House of Commons proceedings,
    1809

  • 7
    6
    Photographs of Fairfax, VA,
    1910; 1942-1967

  • 7
    7
    Photographs of Herndon, VA (1 of 2),
    1905

  • 7
    8
    Photographs of Herndon, VA (2 of 2),
    1928-1960

  • 7
    9
    3.5x5 inch photographs of the Indiana Railroad,
    1939

  • 7
    10
    Photographs of memorials in Virginia,
    circa 1920s

  • 7
    11
    Chicago Tribune photographs,
    1916-1933

  • 7
    12
    Fold-out maps of Virginia (1 of 2),
    1939-1998

  • 7
    13
    Fold-out maps of Virginia (2 of 2),
    1939-1998

  • Map case
    13.4
    Photograph of R.E. Lee Klan convention-Roanoke, VA,
    May 30, 1931

  • Map case
    13.4
    Two John Jackson LP vinyl records,
    1966; 1968

  • Map case
    13.5
    Maps of Virginia (1 of 2),
    1879-1990

  • Map case
    13.5
    Maps of Virginia (2 of 2),
    1912-1989

  • 8
    1
    Fairfax Tourism Materials (1 of 4),
    1983-2002

  • 8
    2
    Fairfax Tourism Materials (2 of 4),
    1992-2000

  • 8
    3
    Fairfax Tourism Materials (3 of 4),
    1992-2004

  • 8
    4
    Fairfax Tourism Materials (4 of 4),
    1992-2004

  • 8
    5
    Technician certification awards,
    1933-1958

  • 8
    6
    Publications about home gardening,
    1909-1910

  • 9
    1
    Matchbook covers for Fairfax businesses (1 of 2),
    circa 20th century

  • 9
    2
    Matchbook covers for Fairfax businesses (2 of 2),
    circa 20th century

  • 9
    3
    Advertisements for businesses in Fairfax, VA,
    1907-1957

  • 9
    4
    Letter to Weel Radio Station,
    November 1, 1962

  • 9
    5
    Letters and envelopes-Joseph E. Willard (1 of 2),
    1895-1933

  • 9
    6
    Letters and envelopes-Joseph E. Willard (2 of 2),
    1895-1933

  • 9
    7
    Northern Virginia postal money orders,
    1906-1910

  • 9
    8
    First day stamp covers,
    1934-1988

  • 10
    1
    Letters and envelopes related to Fairfax, VA,
    1820-1939

  • 10
    2
    Contracts for businesses in Fairfax, VA,
    1899-1961

  • 10
    3
    Letter-Lucy Post Frisbee, Claudia Johnson,
    December 9, 1964

  • 10
    4
    Postcards and photographs from Fort Belvoir,
    1925-1942

  • 10
    5
    Runaway slave advertisement ,
    February 14, 1823

  • 10
    6
    The London Gazette,
    March 1713; August 1755

  • 10
    7
    The Spectator ,
    March and November 1712

  • 10
    8
    New York Weekly Museum,
    March 17, 1810

  • 10
    9
    Pathfinder: Digest of the World,
    October 1933; August 1936

  • 10
    10
    The Tatler ,
    November 12, 1709

  • 10
    11
    Campaign Materials,
    1904-1934

  • 10
    12
    Fairfax County democratic rally materials,
    1928; 1944

  • 10
    13
    Northern Virginia Transportation Co. materials,
    1915-1962

  • 10
    14
    Fairfax public school materials,
    1951-1955

  • 10
    15
    Spanish-American War ribbons,
    circa 1900

  • 10
    16
    U.S.S Fairfax County LST-1193 photographs and news clippings,
    circa 1970

  • 10
    17
    Publications mentioning Fairfax, VA,
    1917; 1929

  • Map case
    13.4
    Indian arrow heads from Fairfax, VA,
    circa pre-18th century

  • Map case
    13.4
    Various items related to Fairfax, VA,
    1941-1960

  • 11
    1
    Film reel-"The Boyhood of George Washington",
    circa 1950

Significant Persons Associated With the Collection

  • Lytton, Randolph H.
  • Lytton, Randolph H.